Everyone knows that smoking does serious damage to your body and your health in the long term. Here’s a list of just some of the nasty stuff it can do to you
Smoker’s blood can’t carry as much oxygen as it should because carbon monoxide (smoke) tries to take the oxygen’s place instead. This makes the red blood cells slow and ‘sticky’.
This is a big cause of strokes and heart attacks. It also means diabetics are more at risk of needing an amputation – yikes!
Diabetes is a disease where there’s too much glucose (sugar) in the blood.
When smoke is breathed in, it makes its way into the blood through the lining of the lungs. There is research that says smoking might play a role in developing diabetes as well as making the disease a lot worse because smoke makes the blood not work very well and someone who has diabetes already has blood that isn’t working 100% as it should.
A stroke is when a blood clot forms and makes its way to the brain. Smoking doubles a person’s risk of having a stroke because it makes the blood sticky. This means more build-up and blockages in the arteries which carry blood around the body.
An ulcer is a sore and in this case it is a sore on the lining of the stomach .Smoking makes people more at risk of developing an ulcer or if they already have one, it’ll take much longer to heal.
To give it its technical name, cardiovascular disease includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including heart attack, heart failure and stroke.
Smoking is the main cause of heart disease in the UK. Same as with a stroke, you’re twice as likely to have a heart attack if you smoke. Blocked arteries and blood clots around the heart could kill you. . With the smoke (carbon monoxide) in your body from smoking, the heart has to pump harder to get the oxygen to the organs that need it. Nicotine – the addictive bit that gives smokers that ‘rush’ – makes a person’s heart rate and blood pressure higher, increasing the heart’s workload.
Cancer is the most common disease linked to smoking. Smoking makes you more likely to get cancer of the mouth, voice box, nose, liver, stomach, kidney, bladder, cervix (ladies) and bowel, amongst others. There is also some evidence that smoking could increase the risk of breast cancer. The cancer that smoking causes most often is lung cancer.